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Cervatomycin, mainly produced by the genus Alternaria, is a type of mycotoxin that is potentially harmful to health. Such fungi often contaminate fruits, vegetables, and other crops during growth and storage. One of the most important toxigenic strains is Alternaria alternata, which is found mainly in grains and seeds and is also found in olives, fruits and tomatoes. A variety of cross-linked CTXs have been found on infected crops, fruits and vegetables, including tetralosphalityl, carnitine, carotenoid, cefotaxime and Altertoxin I. These toxins are structurally related to fumonisins.
Although cellulolytoids are usually associated with fruits and vegetables that are significantly affected by black spot disease, they are also found in crops such as wheat, rye, sorghum, rice and even tobacco.
Studies have found that there are acute or chronic toxic effects of termitomycin, which pose a threat to the health of animals and humans. Among the toxins produced by the species of Alternaria, one of the most frequently studied species is albuteric acid, whose main feature is the inhibition of protein synthesis resulting in antitumor, antiviral and antibacterial activities. Most other cectatoxin show cytotoxicity in mammals, some of which are mutagenic (eg, Altertoxin), while others, such as carnosine and carrageenan, can poison the fetus.
No guidelines or statutory limits have been set for Alternaria. To date, it is generally accepted that their chances of appearing in food are very low and therefore the risk of human exposure is relatively limited. However, at present, people are collecting relevant risk assessment data and are developing a method for detecting ciclosporin based on the LC-MS platform.